Homosexuality in ancient rome often differs markedly from the contemporary west. Latin lacks words that would precisely translate homosexual and heterosexual. The primary dichotomy of ancient roman sexuality was activedominantmasculine and passivesubmissivefeminine. Roman society was patriarchal, and the freeborn male citizen possessed political liberty (libertas) and the right to rule. Instead, they based their terminology upon the role that the participants played. Because roman society was so patriarchal, those who took on a submissive role were seen as feminine, and thus looked down upon. our modern preoccupation with sexuality has depended on a distinction between homo- and hetero-. That gender-changing operation and other, less dramatic transgender behavior are blurring our neat borders should help us understand the very different roman attitudes. By matt slick for this reason god gave them over to degrading passions for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error, (rom.). This book provides a thoroughly documented discussion of ancient roman ideologies of masculinity and sexuality with a focus on ancient representations of sexual experience between males. It gathers a wide range of evidence from the second century b. roman society had a patriarchal system in which the gender role of the male was the primary authority, emphasized by the active masculinity as a symbol of power and status. This differed from same-sex practice in ancient greece in which homosexual relationship between males of equal social status was considered acceptable. As a leader in the roman catholic church, pope benedict was long concerned about homosexual behavior, taking the stance that there are different kinds of homosexuals. In 1975, he issued the declaration on certain questions concerning sexual ethics, which delineated a difference between transitory and pathological homosexuality. see my other truth videos the truth about leviticus - httpswww. Comwatch?vod5oa5n1ny the truth about 1 cor 69 - httpswww. Same-sex marriage in ancient rome nero, julius caesar or hadrian, which of these roman emperors has married another man? In ancient times the words homosexuality or heterosexuality were not conceived as nowadays. In fact, these concepts were unknown and the sexual identification was based mainly on the.